What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal Disease is commonly known as gum disease. 75% of adults will have a form of periodontal disease during their lifetime. Periodontal disease has different stages from mild (gingivitis) to severe (periodontitis).

Periodontal disease has been linked to serious health conditions such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pancreatic cancer in men, lung disease and, in pregnant women, low birth weight and premature births. It is also the major cause of 70 percent of adult tooth loss and affects three out of four people.

Periodontal disease can be caused by poor oral health, the use of tobacco, stress, poor diet and even genetics. All of these can play a role in the health of your gums.

Periodontal disease is caused by a large build-up of calculus. The toxins from the calculus cause the gums around the tooth to become damaged. The gums become puffy, swollen, bright red, and bleed; in severe cases, the gums will shrink and the teeth will loosen and may fall out. The gums can often be treated but the main damage is done to the bone underneath. Periodontal disease erodes healthy bone from around the teeth.

To prevent periodontal disease, or to treat it once it occurs, you need to focus on practicing good oral health (brushing, cleaning and flossing) consistently, eat a healthy and balanced diet, and visit your dentist regularly.

If you are experiencing periodontal issues, we will need to schedule multiple appointments, with a shorter interval between appointments, so that we can help you maintain or regain your oral health.

If you are having teeth pain or need a dental assessment, contact our office for a dental appointment. Coquitlam’s Altitude Dental has professional, friendly and caring staff to help you have the dental health you need and want. Or read more about other dental services available at Altitude Dental.